Dooars General Information

 

The history of the Dooars is very old. According to current historical research carried out by Sailen Debnath, an eminent scholar of the region, the Dooars was the seat of the medieval Kamata kingdom. Kamatapur emerged as a sovereign state from the middle of the seventh century. Most probably, Nalrajar Garh in Chilapata Forest was the earliest capital of Kamatapur, and subsequently through various ups and downs the capital was shifted to Mainaguri and then to Prithu Rajar Garh before its final shifting to Gosanimari, an ancient port-town since the seventh century.

 

After the kingdom of Kamatapur as was devastated by Alauddin Husain Shah of Gaur in 1498, there emerged the Koch kingdom again in the Dooars under the leadership of Vishwa Singha. Hingulavas near Mahakalguri in the Dooars was the earliest capital of the Koch kingdom. It was long after that the Koch capital was shifted to Atharakota and then ultimately to present Cooch Behar town.

 

Taking advantage of the weakness of the Koch kingdom in subsequent times, Bhutan took possession of the Dooars. This region was controlled by the kingdom of Bhutan when the British annexed it in 1865 after the Bhutan War under the command of Captain Hedayat Ali. The area was divided into two parts: the eastern part was merged with Goalpara district in Assam and the western part was turned into a new district named Western Dooars. Again in the year 1869, the name was changed to Jalpaiguri District. After the end of the British rule in India in 1947, the Dooars acceded into the dominion of India and it merged with the Union of India shortly afterwards in 1949.

 

Climate :

 

The average rainfall of the area is about 3,500 mm.


Monsoon generally starts from the middle of May and continues till the end of September.


Winters are cold with foggy mornings and nights.


Summer is mild and constitutes a very short period of the year.